Let's Defeat Diabetes

 

Three hundred seventy-one million.  Think about that number in terms of animals, cars, or anything you can think of.  Three hundred seventy-one million, that’s a large number!  Now think of that number terms of human, it seems like a large amount, right?  Well, this world has a population of 7.125 billion, and around 371 million of those humans are diagnosed worldwide with diabetes.  Today, diabetes takes more lives than the diseases of AIDS and breast cancer combined.  Diabetes isn’t just a disease that has one negative factor to the human body, but it leads to other illnesses.  It causes blindness, kidney failure, amputations, heart failure, and stroke.  It wipes out the life of 1 American every 3 minutes.  Not only are people’s lives in America being destroyed, but also lives all around the world are coming to an end.  Many are attempting to fight the battle, but not all succeed, as the disease sometimes takes over their body, allowing them with no option.  So let’s join the fight against diabetes, and defeat this disease. 

People who are diagnosed with diabetes have a metabolic disease in which the body does not produce any or enough insulin.  This results in elevated levels of glucose in the blood.  There are two different types of diabetes, from type one diabetes to type two diabetes. Type one diabetes is when the body no longer makes insulin because its immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin.  Children and young adults are usually diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease. This specific type of diabetes unfortunately can’t be cured, but treatment can help. The other type of diabetes, called type two diabetes affects 29.1 million Americans living in the United States. Type two diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and is usually diagnosed in young to older adults. But now, the amount of children who are being diagnosed with this type of diabetes is gradually increasing. 

Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that allows your body to use sugar from the food that you eat for energy or to store it for future use.  Insulin helps keep your blood sugar level in check so that it doesn’t get too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia).  The cells in your body need sugar for energy but sugar cannot go into most of your cells directly. After you eat food and your blood sugar level rises, cells in your pancreas release insulin into your bloodstream. Insulin then attaches to the cells and tells the cells to absorb sugar from the bloodstream.  In diabetics the insulin in the body isn’t being used correctly, there is too much glucose accumulating in the blood, and the body doesn’t function properly. 

If you have more sugar in your body than it needs, insulin stores the sugar in your liver and releases it when your blood sugar level is low such as in between meals. Thus, insulin helps keep the balance of blood sugar level in your body and helps to keep it in a normal range. As blood sugar levels rise, the pancreas releases more insulin.

If your body does not produce enough insulin or your cells rejects the effects of insulin, you may develop hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), which can cause severe problems if the blood sugar levels stay elevated.  In this particular disease, the body is constantly making a good amount of insulin, but can’t use the insulin correctly.  

For people that have type 1 diabetes their pancreas does not make insulin because the beta cells in their pancreas are damaged or destroyed. Consequently, these people need insulin shots to allow their body to process glucose and avoid problems from hyperglycemia.  Whereas people with type 2 diabetes tend to not respond well or are unaffected by insulin. They may need insulin shots to help them better process sugar and to prevent complications from this disease. People with type 2 diabetes may at first be treated with oral medications along with a change in diet and exercise.  Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, the longer a person has it, the more likely they will require insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels.  Different types of insulin are available and prescribed to treat diabetes.  But taking caution in what you eat and being active physically, you can reduce your chances of this disease progressively deteriorating your body and life.   So don’t let diabetes defeat you, let’s defeat it.  Let’s live a little sweeter everyday!

  

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